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Caltanissetta (CL)

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Caltanissetta (Caltanissetta Province) is the provincial capital, 126 km from Palermo, alt. 568 m, area 415.94 sq. km. Its population is just over 62,000, post-code 93100, tel. 0934. Economy: agriculture, foodstuffs, chemicals, building, metallurgy, plastics, etc.

Some scholars think this town originated with ancient Nissa, others think it was founded by the Arabs. The name is from the Arabic Qal'at (castle) and Nissa. Written history began in 1086 when Count Roger founded the Priorato di San Giovanni and started development of the area. In the 14th century it was caught in the struggles between the Ventimiglia and Chiaromonte factions. In 1406 it passed to the Moncades of Paterno. Between the 15th and 16th centuries, it expanded beyond the medieval walls with the creation of the quarters of Santa Flavia, San Rocco gli Zingari and San Francesco. It became the provincial capital in 1818. It was a major center of sulphur mining.

Of interest is the Mineralogical, Palaeontological and Sulphur-Mine Museum, the Regional Archaeological Museum, the Folklore Musuem (in Chiesa di San Pio X), and the Civic Museum. Also of interest is the Palazzo Moncada, the Palazzo Vescovile, and the Castello di Pietrarossa.

Churches (Caltanissetta Diocese) include the following:
S. Maria La Nova (Cathedral; 16th and 17th centuries)
Chiesa di San Sebastiano (16th century, historic)
Chiesa del Collegio (Chiesa di Sant'Agata, historic, 1605)
Chiesa di Santa Croce (17th century, historic)
Chiesa di San Domenico (historic)
Chiesa di San Pio X (historic)
Chiesa di Santa Maria degli Angeli (historic)
Cuore di Gesu
Regina Pacis
Sacro Cuore
S. Biagio
S. Dominico
S. Giuseppe
S. Lucia
S. Michele Arcangelo
S. Paolo
S. Pietro
S. Pio X
S. Barbara
S. Croce
S. Flavia
S. Agata and S. Lucia
SS. Crocifisso (Borgo Petilia - suburb of Caltanissetta)
S. Rosalia (Niscima - suburb of Caltanissetta)
S. Spirito (S. Spirito - suburb of Caltanissetta)

Families researched in those records include the following:

Links to other sites about Caltanissetta include:
Caltanissetta Photos
Italian Wikipedia
Italian Towns
Italian Postal Codes
Sicily Web
Sicilian Net

My latest book on CD is titled Sicily - A Reference for Researchers and is now available. With a file for each town (plus many other files), it relates the history of Sicily as reflected in the photos, records and festivals of its towns. It contains over 2500 text and photo files and can be ordered at CD order.

Order Italy Kathy Kirkpatrick

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© Kathy Kirkpatrick 2002-2008